‘Industrial innovation includes the technical, design, manufacturing, management and commercial activities involved in the marketing of a new (or improved) product or the fi rst commercial use of a new (or improved) process or equipment’ –* Chris Freeman (1982) The Economics of Industrial Innovation,2nd edn. Frances Pinter, London.*

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‘Innovation is the successful exploitation of new ideas’ Innovation Unit, UK Department of Trade and Industry (2004).

Ideas, Thoughts and process

‘. . . Innovation does not necessarily imply the commercialization of only a major advance in the technological state of the art (a radical innovation) but it includes also the utilization of even small-scale changes in technological know-how (an improvement or incremental innovation)’ – Roy Rothwell and Paul Gardiner (1985) ‘Invention, innovation, re-innovation and the role of the user’, Technovation, 3, 168.

Software development - Best pratices, Architecture and food for thoughts?

‘Innovation is the specifi c tool of entrepreneurs, the means by which they exploit change as an opportunity for a different business or service. It is capable of being presented as a discipline, capable of being learned, capable of being practised’ *– Peter Drucker (1985), Innovation and Entrepreneurship. Harper & Row, New York. *


‘Companies achieve competitive advantage through acts of innovation. They approach innovation in its broadest sense, including both new technologies and new ways of doing things’ - Michael Porter (1990) The Competitive Advantage of Nations. Macmillan, London.


‘An innovative business is one which lives and breathes ‘outside the box’. It is not just good ideas, it is a combination of good ideas, motivated staff and an instinctive understanding of what your customer wants’ – Richard Branson (1998) DTI Innovation Lecture.

Other Languages ?

Html, CSS, CSS preprocessors and all thing designy


Cloud, DevOps and Security.


Made me Laugh or Cry.